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Home>ASPI Presentation

 

Summary

ASPI is about Audiovisual-to-articulatory inversion. Participants in this project are LORIA (Magrit and Speech team) (Nancy), ENST (TSI Department) (Paris), ICCS-NTUA (CVSP Group) (Athens), KTH (Speech Communication & Technology Group) (Stockholm), and ULB (Waves & Signals Department) (Brussels).

Audiovisual-to-articulatory inversion consists in recovering the vocal tract shape dynamics (from vocal folds to lips) from the acoustical speech signal, supplemented by image analysis of the speaker’s face. Being able to recover this information automatically would be a major break-through in speech research and technology, as a vocal tract representation of a speech signal would be both beneficial from a theoretical point of view and practically useful in many speech processing applications (language learning, automatic speech processing, speech coding, speech therapy, film industry...).

There is strong evidence that human speakers/listeners exploit the multimodality of speech, and more particularly the articulatory cues: the view of visible articulators, i.e. jaw and lips, improves speech intelligibility. From neurophysiology we know that there is a close link between articulatory and acoustic cognitive representations of speech, with the sensorimotor control of speech production being represented in so-called mirror neurons. The audiovisual-to-articulatory inversion is however a presently unresolved problem. The main difficulty is that there is no one-to-one mapping between the acoustic and articulatory domains and there are thus a large number of vocal tract shapes that can produce the same speech spectrum.  Indeed, the problem is under-determined, as there are more unknowns that need to be determined than input data available. One important issue is thus to add constraints that are both sufficiently restrictive and realistic from a phonetic point of view, in order to eliminate false solutions. These constraints mainly derive from images of the vocal tract to get approximate model of speech production and/or images of the speaker’s face to get information about visible articulators as human listeners do. Beside theoretical problems one of the major challenges in this domain is the lack of articulatory data covering both the speaker’s vocal tract and face.

Objective(s)

The design of audiovisual-to-articulatory inversion involves two kinds of interdependent tasks. The first is the development of inversion methods that successfully answer the main acknowledged difficulties, i.e. the impossibility of using standard spectral vectors as input data, the non-unicity of inverse solutions and the possible lack of phonetic relevancy of inverse solutions.
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